Hispano HA-1327 Golondrina
At the end of the second world war a number of
leading engineers from the Messerschmitt company fled to Spain where
they were warmly welcomed by the Spanish Air Force. The brought with
them a large number of design drawings of late war Messerschmitt
aircraft and projects and, even more importantly more than 200 Jumo 004
engines which had been produced in March and April 1945.
The Spanish Air Force was desperate to acquire
more modern aircraft to replace the ageing Me-109E's which were
leftovers from the civil war. The had started the license production of
the Me-109G but lacked suitable engines. Trials were under way to power
these with Hispano engines or even Rolls Royce Merlins.
The arrival of the Jumo jet engines opened up the
prospect of producing jet aircraft in Spain. The first thought was to
produce the Me-262. However the Messerschmitt staff managed to convince
the Spaniards to let them develop a brand new jet fighter to equip the
Spanish Air Force. This new aircraft was based on some preliminary
designs of Messerschmitt and was designated HA-1327 Golondrina.